Thursday, November 7, 2019

⚠️重要消息嬰兒睡眠產品安全⚠️


給父母和照顧者的重要訊息
請與您的父母和其他家庭托兒服務提供者分享

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關於傾斜嬰兒睡眠產品的注意事項


美國消費者產品安全委員會(CPSC)引用一項新研究的結果,警告父母和監護人流行的嬰兒傾斜睡眠產品的危害。這項研究是越來越多的證據的一部分,該證據表明傾斜的大角度睡眠者不能為嬰兒提供安全的睡眠環境。消費品安全委員會先前曾召回一些傾斜的臥舖車廂。有關這些召回的更多信息,請訪問CPSC的“安全睡眠–嬰兒床信息中心”網站,網址為https://cpsc.gov/Safety-Education/Safety-Education-Centers/cribs



該機構繼續強調,嬰兒睡覺的最佳場所是放在嬰兒床,搖籃或運動場的牢固平坦的表面上。父母和監護人切勿在嬰兒的睡眠環境中添加毯子,枕頭或其他物品。嬰兒應始終仰臥睡覺。



新研究證實:嬰兒應在堅固,平坦的表面上睡覺


CPSC收到了從2005年1月至2019年6月發生的與嬰兒傾斜睡眠產品有關的1,108起事件的報告,包括73例嬰兒死亡。CPSC聘請了獨立專家Erin Mannen,Ph.D.,該大學是生物力學專業的機械工程師。阿肯色州醫學科學院的研究人員進行嬰兒測試,以評估傾斜睡眠產品的設計。曼嫩博士測量了嬰兒在各種產品和姿勢下的肌肉運動和血氧飽和度,例如扁平嬰兒床,傾斜嬰兒床和幾種傾斜的睡眠產品。曼嫩博士發現,她的團隊測試過的傾斜睡眠產品都不適合嬰兒睡眠。曼嫩博士的報告得出結論認為,傾斜度為10度或更小且表面平坦且堅硬的產品對於嬰兒睡眠可能是安全的。曼嫩博士還發現,柔軟柔軟的睡眠表面會給嬰兒帶來危險。



父母和照顧者現在應該做什麼?



停止使用座椅靠背傾斜超過10度的嬰兒睡眠產品。父母和照顧者不應使用嬰兒汽車安全座椅,蹦蹦床和其他嬰兒傾斜產品睡覺,並應遵循製造商的指示。


遵循安全的睡眠建議。
最好裸著:不要在嬰兒的睡眠環境中添加毯子,枕頭或其他物品。
回到睡眠:始終將嬰兒放在牢固而平坦的表面上,使其背朝上睡覺。

經常訪問CPSC網站https://www.cpsc.gov/,以查看您的托兒產品是否已被召回,並立即按照召回說明進行退款,更換或維修。如果發生召回事件,製造商可以直接聯繫使用製造商的註冊卡(包括托兒物品)註冊其托兒產品的消費者。

英文原文:

Cautions About Inclined Infant Sleep Products


The United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is warning parents and caregivers about the dangers of popular inclined sleep products for infants, citing the findings of a new study. The study is part of a growing body of evidence showing that inclined sleepers with higher angles do not provide a safe sleep environment for infants. Several inclined sleepers have previously been recalled by the CPSC. More information about these recalls is available on the CPSC Safe to Sleep – Crib Information Center website at https://cpsc.gov/Safety-Education/Safety-Education-Centers/cribs.



The agency continues to emphasize that the best place for a baby to sleep is on a firm, flat surface in a crib, bassinet, or play yard. Parents and caregivers should never add blankets, pillows, or other items to an infant’s sleeping environment. Babies should always be placed to sleep on their backs.



New Study Confirms: Babies Should Sleep on Firm, Flat Surface


The CPSC received reports of 1,108 incidents, including 73 infant deaths, related to infant inclined sleep products that occurred from January 2005 through June 2019. The CPSC hired independent expert Erin Mannen, Ph.D., a mechanical engineer specializing in biomechanics at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, to conduct infant testing to evaluate the design of inclined sleep products. Dr. Mannen measured infants’ muscle movements and oxygen saturation while in various products and positions, such as a flat crib, an inclined crib, and several inclined sleep products. Dr. Mannen found that none of the inclined sleep products her team tested is safe for infant sleep. Dr. Mannen’s report was conclusive that products with inclines 10 degrees or less, with flat and rigid surfaces, are likely safe for infant sleep. Dr. Mannen also found that soft and plush-like sleep surfaces pose dangers to infants.



What Should Parents and Caregivers Do Now?



Stop using infant sleep products with inclined seat backs of more than 10 degrees. Parents and caregivers should not use infant car seats, bouncers, and other infant inclined products for sleep, and should follow manufacturer instructions.


Follow safe sleep advice.
Bare is Best: Do not add blankets, pillows, or other items to the baby’s sleep environment.
Back to Sleep: Always place infants to sleep on their backs on a firm, flat surface.

Check the CPSC website at https://www.cpsc.gov/ often to see if your nursery products have been recalled, and promptly follow the recall instructions to receive a refund, replacement, or repair. Consumers who register their nursery products with the manufacturer’s registration card (included with nursery items) can be contacted directly by the manufacturer if there is a recall.

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